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Secant Modulus of Soil Es

Value of secant modulus of soil Es depends on pile diameter d and thickness of an individual layers of the soil hi. The values of this modulus should be determined experimentally from pile-load tests.

For cohesionless soils its value also depends on the index of relative density Id, for cohesive soils this value depends on the index of consistency Ic. Value of secant modulus of soil Es increases with depth (thickness of soil layer).

Issue 60 in [2] states that the cumulative value of this module (applicable to all soil types along the shaft and the base of large-diameter pile) is given by following equation:

where:

Is

-

settlement-influence factor [-]

d

-

pile diameter [m]

Q

-

relevant value of load (force) measured during the pile-loading test [N]

s

-

relevant value of pile settlement measured during the pile-loading test [m]

Values of secant modules Esi for various types of soils and different pile diameters and depths of piles are shown in the following tables [3]. Intermediate values of secant modulus of soil Es can be interpolated linearly.

Secant modulus of soil Es located in rocks and weak rocks

h (m)

d (m)

0.6

1.0

1.5

R3

R4

R5

R3

R4

R5

R3

R4

R5

1.5

50.3

28.2

20.2

72.3

35.0

24.7

85.5

33.5

22.3

3.0

64.5

43.1

30.8

105.5

57.3

41.0

138.3

58.8

41.2

5.0

-

58.2

41.3

-

75.3

54.8

-

87.9

63.7

10.0

-

87.5

61.6

-

114.5

83.2

-

133.0

97.0

Secant modulus of soil Es located in cohesionless soils

h (m)

d (m)

0.6

1.0

1.5

Id

0.5

0.7

0.9

0.5

0.7

0.9

0.5

0.7

0.9

1.5

11.0

13.7

28.3

12.8

15.8

30.6

13.0

15.3

29.0

3.0

15.5

20.2

44.5

18.4

25.0

47.8

19.4

24.5

52.5

5.0

18.8

26.6

56.1

22.8

32.5

69.1

24.5

36.0

78.2

10.0

23.8

36.6

72.1

29.8

47.8

93.4

32.6

54.0

107.3

Secant modulus of soil Es located in cohesive soils

h (m)

d (m)

0.6

1.0

1.5

Ic

0.5

≥ 1.0

0.5

≥ 1.0

0.5

≥ 1.0

1.5

6.9

13.2

7.9

13.4

8.6

12.3

3.0

10.0

22.0

12.5

23.9

13.7

23.0

5.0

12.5

31.2

15.9

35.4

18.4

36.7

10.0

15.5

44.3

21.3

51.3

24.6

57.4

The dialog window for entering the secant modulus Es can be displayed in the frame "Settlement" using the "Edit Es" button. When editing the window displays the recommended values of the secant modulus of soil Es.

Dialog window "Input for load settlement curve" - Secant modulus of soil Es [MPa]

Literature:

[1] CSN 73 1002: Pilotove zaklady. Praha, UNM, 1988, 28 p.

[2] CSN 73 1004: Velkoprumerove piloty. Praha, UNM, 1981, 56 p.

[3] Masopust, J., Glisnikova, V.: Zakladani staveb Modul M01. 1st edition, Brno, AN CERM, 2007, 182 p., ISBN 978-80-7204-538-9.

[4] Pochman, R., Simek, J.: Pilotove zaklady - Komentar k CSN 73 1002. 1st edition, Prague, Vydavatelstvi norem, 1989, 80 p.