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GEO5

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Geostatic Stress, Uplift Pressure

Stress analysis is based on existence of soil layers specified by the user during input. The program further inserts fictitious layers at the locations where the stress and lateral pressure (GWT, points of construction, etc.) change. The normal stress in the ith layer is computed according to:

where:

hi

-

thickness of the ith layer

γi

-

unit weight of soil

If the layer is found below the ground water table, the unit weight of soil below the water table is specified with the help of input parameters of the soil as follows:

- for option "Standard" from expression:

where:

γsat

-

saturated unit weight of soil

γw

-

unit weight of water

- for option "Compute from porosity" from expression:

where:

n

-

porosity

γs

-

specific weight of soil

γw

-

unit weight of water

where:

V

-

volume of soil

Vp

-

volume of voids

Gd

-

weight of dry soil

Unit weight of water is assumed in the program equal to 10 kN/m3 or 0,00625 ksi.

Assuming inclined ground behind the structure (β ≠ 0) and layered subsoil the angle β, when computingthe coefficient of earth pressure K, is reduced in the ith layer using the following expression:

where:

γ

-

unit weight of the soil in the first layer under ground

γi

-

unit weight of the soil in the ith layer under ground

β

-

slope inclination behind the structure